unit26 - For three days, the men had not had any food. 2...

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Unit 26: PAST PERFECT This formation means ‘double past — a time before another time in the past’. We use the past tense of the auxiliary verb have (Unit 17) before the past participle (Unit 14). Don’t forget that many participles are irregular (Appendix 10). 1 Formation (had + past participle) a STATEMENTS EXAMPLES: They had all worked very hard that day. She had gone by air to save time. I had n’t put the address at the top. b QUESTIONS EXAMPLES: Had you seen the man before? How much had he taken ? NOTICE: There is also a continuous formation. The past participle is been and the –ing form follows: EXAMPLES: The weather had been get ting worse all day. H e had not been expect ing me. Had they been fight ing ? NOTICE: Had can be an AUXILIARY and a LEXICAL verb (Unit 3). EXAMPLE:
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Unformatted text preview: For three days, the men had not had any food. 2 Use To give the situation or the background to a story that began in the past: EXAMPLES: When we got to the coast, the all cried out in surprise. It was the first time they had ever seen the sea. We did not think we could win the match. Our best player had broken his leg in a car accident two days before. The teams had been play ing for ten minutes when the rain began. NOTICE: We can use the past perfect to show which happened first: EXAMPLES: I tried to open the door but somebody had locked it from the other side. [First somebody locked it, then I tried to open it.] I tried to open the door but somebody locked it from the other side. [These two things happened at the same time.]...
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2011 for the course ESL 100 taught by Professor Online during the Spring '10 term at Open Uni..

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