Haviland Ch 10 PPT

Haviland Ch 10 PPT - Chapter10 KinshipandDescent...

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Chapter 10 Kinship and Descent
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Chapter Preview What Is Kinship? What Are Descent Groups? What Functions Do Kin-ordered Groups  Serve?
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What Is Kinship? Kinship is a social network of relatives within  which individuals have rights and obligations. One’s kinship status, determines these rights  and obligations.  Kinship is especially important in societies  where institutions such as a centralized  government, a professional military, or  financial banks are absent or ineffective.
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What  Functions Do  Kin-Ordered  Groups Serve? Kin-ordered groups are social organizational devices  for solving challenges that commonly confront human  societies:   Maintaining the integrity of resources that cannot  be divided without being destroyed. Providing work forces for tasks that require a labor  pool larger than households can provide. Rallying support for purposes of self-defense or  offensive attack. 
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What Are  Descent Groups ? A descent group is a kind of kinship group in  which being in the direct line of descent from  a real or mythical ancestor is a criterion of  membership.  Descent may be traced exclusively through  men or women, or through either at the  discretion of the individual. 
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Descent Groups Members share descent from a common  ancestor through a series of parent-child  links. Unilineal descent establishes kin group  membership exclusively through the male or  female line. 
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Functions of Descent Groups Provide aid and security to their members. Repositories of religious tradition, with group  solidarity enhanced by worship of a common  ancestor.
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Descent Groups Unilineal descent Descent that establishes group membership  through either the mother’s or the father’s line.  Matrilineal descent Descent traced exclusively through the female line  to establish group membership. Patrilineal descent Descent traced exclusively through the male line  to establish group membership.
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Unilineal Descent Groups Lineage A unilineal kinship group descended from a  common ancestor or founder who lived four to six  generations ago, and in which relationships  among members can be stated genealogically. Clan 
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2011 for the course ANTH 100 taught by Professor Juliedavid during the Fall '09 term at Orange Coast College.

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Haviland Ch 10 PPT - Chapter10 KinshipandDescent...

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