Haviland Ch 12 PPT

Haviland Ch 12 PPT - Chapter12 Politics,Power,andViolence...

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Chapter 12 Politics, Power, and Violence
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How Are Power and Political Organizations  Different? How Are Social and Political Order Formed  and Maintained? How Do Political Systems Obtain Popular  Support? Chapter Preview
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The ability of individuals or groups to impose  their will upon others and make them do  things even against their own wants or  wishes. Power
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Refers to the way power is distributed and embedded  in society, whether in organizing a giraffe hunt,  managing irrigated farmlands, or raising an army.  The means through which a society creates and  maintains social order. Four major kinds of political systems: Bands Tribes Chiefdoms States Political Organization
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Kinds Of Political Systems Uncentralized systems (no central gov’t) Bands –  relatively small and loosely organized kin-ordered group Tribes –  wide range of kin-ordered groups, politically integrated,  usually share common ancestry, identity, culture, and language Centralized systems (central gov’t) Chiefdoms –  politically organized society in which two or more  local groups are organized under a single chief who is head of a  hierarchy of people. States –  involves large numbers of people within a defined  territory who are divided in social classes and organized and  directed by a formal government which is entrusted to keep the  social order. Break down (details) on future slides
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Break down on following slides
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Types Of Political  Organization: Membership Membership Number of people Settlement pattern Band Dozens and up Mobile Tribe Hundreds and up Mobile or fixed: 1 or more villages Chiefdom Thousands and up Fixed: 1 or more villages State Tens of thousands and up Fixed: Many villages and cities
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Types Of Political Organization:  Membership Membership Basis of relationships Ethnicities and languages Band Kin 1 Tribe Kin, descent groups 1 Chiefdom Kin, rank and residence 1 State Class and residence 1 or more
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Types Of Political  Organization: Government Membership Decision making, leadership Bureaucracy Band “Egalitarian” None Tribe Egalitarian” or Big- Man None Chiefdom Centralized, hereditary None, or 1 or 2 levels State Centralized Many levels
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Types Of Political  Organization: Government Membership Conflict resolution Hierarchy of settlement Band Informal No Tribe Informal No Chiefdom Centralized No Paramount village or head town State Laws, judges Capital
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Types Of Political  Organization: Economy Membership Division of labor
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Haviland Ch 12 PPT - Chapter12 Politics,Power,andViolence...

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