Haviland Ch6 PPT - Chapter 6 Social Identity, Personality,...

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Chapter 6 Social Identity, Personality, and Gender
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Chapter Preview What Is Enculturation? How Does Enculturation Influence Personality? Are Different Personalities Characteristic of Different Cultures?
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What Is Enculturation? Enculturation is the process by which culture is passed from one generation to the next and through which individuals become members of their society. Enculturation begins soon after birth with the development of self-awareness.
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How Does Enculturation Influence Personality? Each individual begins with certain broad potentials and limitations that are genetically inherited. In some cultures, particular childrearing practices seem to promote the development of compliant personalities. In others different practices seem to promote more independent, self-reliant personalities. Which are you more like?
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Are Different Personalitie Characteristic of Different Cultures? Every culture emphasizes certain personality traits as good and others as bad. The concept of modal personality recognizes that any human society has a range of individual personalities, but some will be more typical than others. Modal personalities differ from one culture to another and thus differ in the range of variation they will accept making it is clear that abnormal personality is a relative concept.
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Question The agents of enculturation A. are persons involved in transmitting culture to the next generation. B. are at first the members of the family into which the child is born. C. vary, depending on the structure of the family into which a child is born. D. include peer groups and school teachers. E. all of these choices
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Answer: E The agents of enculturation are persons involved in transmitting culture to the next generation, are at first the members of the family into which the child is born, vary, depending on the structure of the family into which a child is born and include peer groups and school teachers .
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Environment Culture is created and learned rather than biologically inherited. All societies must ensure that culture is transmitted from one generation to the next. (Remember Malinowski, from Chapter 2)
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2011 for the course ANTH 100 taught by Professor Juliedavid during the Fall '09 term at Orange Coast College.

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Haviland Ch6 PPT - Chapter 6 Social Identity, Personality,...

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