Haviland Ch11 PPT - Chapter11 GroupingbyGender,Age...

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Chapter 11  Grouping by Gender, Age,  Common Interest and Class
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Chapter Preview What Principles Do People Use to Organize  Societies? What Is Age Grading? What Are Common- Interest Associations? What Is Social Stratification?
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What Principles do People Use  to Organize Societies? Besides kinship and marriage, people group  themselves by  gender, age, common interest,  and class or social rank within a society  to  deal with problems not conveniently handled  by marriage, the family and/or household,  descent group, or kindred.
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What Is Age Grading? The formation of groups on an age basis —is a widely  used means of organizing people in societies,  including those of Europe and North America.  In addition to age grades, some societies feature age  sets—formally established groups of people born  during a certain time span who move through the  series of age-grade categories together. Can you recall some of your own age-grades?  (girl scouts, “grade-school,” little league…)
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What Are Common-Interest  Associations? Common-interest associations are formed to  deal with  specific challenges or opportunities Membership may be  voluntary  or  compulsory .
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What Is Social  Stratification? Stratification is the division of society into two  or more social classes of people who do not  share equally in basic resources, power, or  prestige Such a hierarchical social structure is  characteristic of all of the world’s societies  having large and  heterogeneous populations  with centralized political control (Examples??)
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Grouping by Gender Separates men and women to varying  degrees in different societies. In some societies, they may be together  much of the time. In other societies they may spend much time  apart, even to the extreme of eating and  sleeping separately. 
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Gender-based Groups Gender issues are  symbolically worked out in  mythologies and ceremonial  dances among the   Yawalapiti who live on the  Tuatuari River in Brazil’s  upper Xingu region Ownership of the sacred  trumpets, are guarded by the  tribesmen and traditionally  women were forbidden to  see them.
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Question A society composed of several groups that  differ in their access to resources and  prestige is said to be A. stratified. B. unfair. C. immoral. D. egalitarian. E. open.
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Answer: A A society composed of several groups that  differ in their access to resources and  prestige is said to be  stratified .
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Closely associated with class and caste  stratification is the phenomenon of  __________ stratification. A. age
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Haviland Ch11 PPT - Chapter11 GroupingbyGender,Age...

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