Week 4 clifford

Week 4 clifford - PHIL 100 Introduction to philosophy Spring 2011 Prof Dan Moller Natural evil Insufficient evidence The problem of faith reason

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PHIL 100 Introduction to philosophy Spring 2011 Prof. Dan Moller
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Natural evil
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Insufficient evidence Response 1: never believe anything on insufficient evidence--if evidence is inconclusive, then be agnostic (Clifford). Response 2: theism can be the smart bet even without sufficient evidence (Pascal). Response 3: sometimes a leap of faith is just as reasonable as agnosticism (James).
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Clifford Epistemology: the theory of knowledge or of justified belief. Epistemic norms : duties of belief. ( Pre scriptive) Clifford’s thesis: “It is wrong always, everywhere, and for anyone, to believe anything upon insufficient evidence.” More generally: Evidentialism: people ought to proportion their beliefs to their evidence.
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Clifford Support for evidentialism: the optimistic ship-owner. Lucky vs. unlucky outcome. Clifford: “he was verily guilty of the death of those men.” More generally: negligence & the duty of care
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Against faith Clifford on the deleterious effects of credulity:
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2011 for the course PHIL 100 taught by Professor ? during the Spring '07 term at Maryland.

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Week 4 clifford - PHIL 100 Introduction to philosophy Spring 2011 Prof Dan Moller Natural evil Insufficient evidence The problem of faith reason

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