23 T - make you Allows you to get intimately involved in...

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POLS 206-508 T 10/24 Interest Groups I. Divided System II. Weak Parties III. Interest Groups IV. Why Do Groups Organize Theory of Collective Action I. Divided System Splitting the branches of government in two: has become the norm Also popular at state level One party controlling one area and possibly another party controlling other half of power (bickering, gridlock) II. Weak Parties Politician sometimes goes against the party (decline of party discipline) Allows them to distance themselves from the party in the legislature III. Interest Groups A group of individuals who come together in an organized body with a common interest who attempt to shake public policy Madison (Fed #10—factions, fed #51) Sees factions as problems that can’t be stopped Diverse interests; won’t all agree Pluralists [good view of interests groups] Ex: Robert Dahl Put 20 th century democratic spin on Madison’s ideas Argued that factions are a good way to get the popular will to the masses Can influence you to get involved, but no on can
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Unformatted text preview: make you Allows you to get intimately involved in process 1 st amendment enables participation Ability to address grievances to government Argue that you should not censor groups because if one group is too extreme, another group will form that will counter them IV. Why Do Groups Organize Economic self-interest: you benefit materially (Madison) Theory of Collective Action: Put forth by Manford Olson What turns a potential group into an actual group? 1. Selective benefits: some groups will strive for benefits you can only receive if you are a member of the group Ex: farm subsidies 2. Collective goods: everyone receives regardless of group membership Ex: clean air, clean water, health labels on food Selective incentive: something a group will give you for joining (may have nothing to do with goal of group) Ex: coffee mug Smaller groups dont need selective incentives because they have selective benefits Christian Coalition...
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23 T - make you Allows you to get intimately involved in...

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