Chapter 22.pe - Chapter22 PsychotherapeuticAgents

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Chapter 22 Psychotherapeutic Agents
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Psychotherapeutic Agents Used to treat psychoses: perceptual and behavioral  disorders Drugs do not cure psychoses: they help patients  function in a more acceptable manner and carry on  activities of daily living Used in both children and adults
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Mental Disorders and Their Classifications Schizophrenia  Mania/bipolar disease Narcolepsy Attention-deficit disorder
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Schizophrenia Characteristics  Hallucinations, paranoia, delusions, speech  abnormalities, and affective problems Causes Strong genetic association May reflect a fundamental biochemical  abnormality
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Mania/Bipolar Illness Characteristics Mania: periods of extreme overactivity and excitement Bipolar illness: extremes of depression followed by  hyperactivity and excitement  Cause May reflect a biochemical imbalance followed by  overcompensation on the part of neurons and their  inability to re-establish stability
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Narcolepsy Characteristics Daytime sleepiness and sudden periods of loss of  wakefulness Causes Problems with stimulation of the brain by the  reticular activating system (RAS)  Problems with response to that stimulation
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Characteristics of Attention-Deficit Disorders Inability to concentrate on one activity for longer  than a few minutes State of hyperkinesis Usually diagnosed in school-age children but can  occur in adults
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Sites of Action of the Drugs Used to Treat Mental 
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2011 for the course RNSG 1301 taught by Professor Loftin during the Spring '11 term at Lone Star College.

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Chapter 22.pe - Chapter22 PsychotherapeuticAgents

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