Chapter 50.pe - Chapter50 IntroductiontotheKidneysandthe...

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Chapter 50 Introduction to the Kidneys and the  Urinary Tract
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Components of the Renal System Kidneys  Organs of the urinary tract Ureters Urinary bladder Urethra
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Major Functions of the Renal System Maintaining the volume and composition of body fluids  within normal ranges Regulating vitamin D activation Regulating blood pressure through the renin– angiotensin system Regulating red blood cell production through the  production and secretion of erythropoietin
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The Kidney and Organs of the  Urinary Tract
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Components of the Nephron Bowman’s capsule Ascending loop of Henle Distal convoluted tubule Collecting ducts Renal pelvises
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The Nephron
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Processes Involved in the  Functioning of the Nephrons Glomerular filtration Straining fluid into the nephron Tubular secretion  Actively removing components from the capillary system  and depositing them into the tubule Tubular reabsorption  Removing components from the tubule to return them to  the capillary system and circulation
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Maintenance of Volume and 
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Chapter 50.pe - Chapter50 IntroductiontotheKidneysandthe...

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