Exam 2 Comp Notes

Exam 2 Comp Notes - POLS 206-508 R 10/4 I. History of...

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POLS 206-508 R 10/4 I. History of Public Participation II. Political Socialization American Political Culture III. Polling I. History of Public Participation Founding fathers feared government involvement Today’s view of Democracy II. Political Socialization Richard Dawson: “The process through which an individual acquires his or her political feelings and evaluations” You aren’t born with your political orientation It is an ongoing process Parents have biggest influence on political socialization* Drops off around 12 years School has rising influence from 6-20 years Party ID: when you feel a strong affiliation with a political party; doesn’t change drastically (republican would always vote republican) Peer group influences how you feel about certain issues Media has tremendous power to socialize people, especially young children US has a democratic political culture US did not go through feudalism US has no history of socialism The Liberal Tradition in America by Louis Hartz We speak one political language: John Locke (rights, limited govt, social contract) disagreement over which rights are more important III. Polling Fairly recent phenomenon Did not catch on nationally until 1930s-1940s 1936 presidential election: literary digest predicts Landon will beat FDR 1938: “Dewey defeats Truman” 1. Need a sample: group of people that are polled (not feasible to ask everyone) Just as accurate (when done correctly) as asking everyone 2. Random sample: not biased in one way; everyone is equally likely Judge the reliability for our benefit, not test material Who sponsored the poll? Who did the polling? Who was interviewed? How many? What questions were asked? How/when were the interviews conducted? How do you poll?
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Telephone polls: fear that younger groups won’t be sampled Call-in polls: radio, tv (not most scientific) Mail-out polls: no control over who will send it back Face-to-face surveys: people are less likely to lie to your face Not all polls are created equal Some polls are better than others Some polls don’t measure opinions, they create an opinion Polls can have a bandwagon effect Illusion of saliency Ex: Nixon said Vietnam War was not that important to US citizens Polls can seed the elected: not creating an opinion, just giving info Ex: Greenpeace informed statistic about baby seals POLS 206-508 T 10/9 Media I. The American Media II. Is the press biased? III. Journalistic Bias I. The American Media Ex: Atlanta, GA Olympic bombing Hero suspect prime suspect Jerry Seinfeld: ‘I think people that read tabloids deserve to be lied to” Founding era: newspapers (print media) *Lots of opinions *Local news was predominant *Local news tended to be partisan Jefferson Democratic-Republican Immigrants typically supported this party John Adams Federalist Media did not stick to issues—“Adams had royal aspirations—wanted to turn us into a monarchy” Made it a crime to criticize government
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2008 for the course POLS 206 taught by Professor Someonethatwasjusttryingtogettheirdoctorate during the Fall '06 term at Texas A&M.

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Exam 2 Comp Notes - POLS 206-508 R 10/4 I. History of...

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