Draft Report Daoism and Confucianism

Draft Report Daoism and Confucianism - Daoism and...

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Daoism and Confucianism By Joseph and JJ During ancient times, two main religions in China were Confucianism and Daoism. The two religions are based on the ways of human and nature. They share the understanding that any extreme action will produce its opposite as a balancing reaction and the goal of moderation and peace. This philosophy developed Daoism (more mystically religious ways) and Confucianism (more political and moral ways). These two religions share similar ways but are also evolving themselves rapidly. Daoism 1. History Daoism’s history can be traced to prehistoric religions in China. It is said that Daoism was founded by Lao Tzu (Old Master). Most of the philosophical principles he wrote are in Daoist text called The Daodejing. Lao Tzu is recognized as a god in many religions form of Daoism . In later Daoism tradition, Laozi came to be seen as a representation of Dao. He is said to have gone through many "transformations", or taken on various forms in various incarnations throughout history to teach the faithful in the Way. Religious Daoism often holds that the "Old Master" did not disappear after writing the Daodejing , but rather traveled to India to show the Dao. Daoism has never been a unified religion, but a mixture of numerous teachings based on various beliefs. Therefore, different branches of Daoism often have very different beliefs. Nevertheless, there are certain core beliefs that nearly all the sects share. 2. Theology and Beliefs
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Main Principles Tao means “the way”. This can also be understood as the path or the road. Wing-tsit Chan said that Tao meant a system of morality and it could be stated as the flow of the universe, or the force behind the natural order that keeps the universe in balance and order. Tao is usually not an object of worship. It is treated like the Indian concepts of atman and dharma. Tao is also related with the concept of De (power, virtue, integrity). De is an active living of that “way”. Wu wei is the main concept in Daoism. It means “without action”. The practice of wu wei is basically to give importance to Daoism. The goal of wu wei is to be in harmony with Tao, understanding the invisible power within all things. Many Daoist believed that the grand masters of wu wei can watch and follow this invisible energy, the inner in-action of the Way. In old Daoist texts, this concept is somewhat related to water by its nature. Water may be soft but it is also strong. It has the ability to move earth, cut stone, and even burn flesh. A person only needs to appreciate the ability of ice and steam to understand its ability. Water that becomes still (ice) can crack stones Water with great speed (steam) can burn flesh. De is a key concept in Chinese philosophy, usually translated "inherent character; inner
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Draft Report Daoism and Confucianism - Daoism and...

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