PSC 100 Chapter 2 Outline

PSC 100 Chapter 2 Outline - Chapter Two Majoritarian or...

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Chapter Two Majoritarian or Pluralist Democracy? The Theory of Democratic Government Theories of a democratic government include consideration of: Autocracy: power to govern is concentrated in the hands of one individual. Oligarchy: power is concentrated in the hands of a few people. Democracy: in theory, the people rule, either directly or indirectly. The Theory of Democratic Government (Cont’d) The Meaning and Symbolism of Democracy The first major school of thought about what constitutes democracy believes that democracy is a form of government that emphasizes the procedures that enable the people to govern or how decisions are made. The Theory of Democratic Government (Cont’d) Procedural democratic theory establishes principles that describe how government should make decisions. The principles address three questions: Who should participate in decision-making? How much should each participant’s vote count? How many votes are needed to reach a decision? The Theory of Democratic Government (Cont’d) Universal participation : everyone in a democratic society should participate in governmental decision-making. The principle of political equality establishes an equality in political decision-making providing for one vote per person, with all votes counted equally. The Theory of Democratic Government (Cont’d)
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PSC 100 Chapter 2 Outline - Chapter Two Majoritarian or...

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