PSC 100 Chapter 8 Outline

PSC 100 Chapter 8 Outline - Chapter Eight Political Parties...

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Chapter Eight Political Parties Political Parties and Their Functions Although many people regard political parties with suspicion, parties are an essential component of democratic government. The Democratic Donkey and Republican Elephant Dominate US Politics Political Parties and Their Functions (Cont’d) A political party is an organization that sponsors candidates for political office under the organization’s name. The candidate of a party is officially designated through a nomination process. Parties Nominate Candidates Republicans nominate McCain (picture) Democrats nominate Obama (picture) Political Parties and Their Functions (Cont’d) Citizens’ main avenue of participation in government is through voting in competitive elections. Parties perform four important functions for the political system Four Important Functions Nominating candidates Structuring voting choice Proposing alternative government programs Coordinating the action of government officials. Example of Ballot by Parties (from South Africa) (picture) History of U.S. Party Politics American political parties have a long and complex history. Parties were not mentioned in the Constitution and did not exist in any recognizable form in the pre- party period, which lasted through Washington’s first term of office. History of U.S. Party Politics (Cont’d ) The first party system pitted the Federalists, led by Hamilton, against the Democratic Republicans, led by Jefferson. The
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PSC 100 Chapter 8 Outline - Chapter Eight Political Parties...

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