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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 6 STUDY GUIDE When was the Consumer Product Safety Commission created? 1972 with the Consumer Product Safety Act What does The Consumer Product Safety Act apply to? Products for household use What types of products are not included under the CPSA? Tobacco, drugs, cosmetics, food, motor vehicles How many members does the Consumer Product Safety Commission have? 5 How are the members of the Consumer Product Safety Commission chosen? Appointed by the president How long do the members of the Consumer Product Safety Commission serve? 7 year staggered terms—apolitically neutral What type of agency is the Consumer Product Safety Commission? Independent Regulatory What are 2 places that the CPSC gets information from? Injury Information Clearinghouse National Electronic Injury Surveillance System Which of the information sources above contain hospital reports only? National Electronic Injury Surveillance System What 3 things does the CPSC do with the information it collects? Release information to public Take action to force correction Remove the product from the market What’s an example of a product the CPSC has taken off of the market? Lawn darts What are the 2 product safety standards? Define what they do Performance standards: specifies minimum performance criteria Labeling standards: requires warning labels on products What is the timeline of FDA events? 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act 1927 FDA established 1938 Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act FDA must approve drugs for sale 1958 Delaney Clause 1996 Food Quality Protection Act Why was the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 created? Spanish-American War The Jungle (Upton Sinclair) Who was in charge of enforcement of food safety prior to the FDA? Department of Agriculture What did the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (1938) do? Expanded regulatory power of FDA Switched burden of proof from consumer to company (Caveat Emptor Caveat Venditor) Made corporate executives responsible for violations What did the Delaney Clause establish? Zero risk standard What did the Quality Protection Act do? Changed zero risk standard to “reasonable certainty of no harm” standard Expanded FDA jurisdiction to include pesticides What does the Department of Agriculture have control over? Meat and poultry What established standard serving size requirements? Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990? What piece of legislation dealt with drug effectiveness and in what year? Kefauver-Harris Amendment—1962 What were the results of the Kefauver-Harris Amendment? Takes longer to get drug approval (12 years) Drug must be safe and effective for use Requires formal rule-making FDA can take bad products off the market What is an example of FDA enforcement activities?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2008 for the course MGMT 211 taught by Professor Swim during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.
- Spring '08
- The Jungle