296425 Evolution of Christianity.docx - Last Name 1 Evolution of Christianity The First Great Awakening and the Second Great Awakening The First Great

296425 Evolution of Christianity.docx - Last Name 1...

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Last Name 1Evolution of ChristianityThe First Great Awakening and the Second Great AwakeningThe First Great Awakening took place between 1735 and 1743, while the Second Great Awakening lasted for 55 years between the 1795 and 1830. These two periods were significant inthe spiritual manner in which they shaped the thinking of Christians through the great revivalism they created. The two momentous eras had frontrunners that were historically remarkable, with George Whitefield, Jonathan Edwards and Charles Finney, Nathaniel Taylor being prominent names in the first Great Awakening and in the second Great Awakening respectively.1Edwards and Whitefield believed places of worship ought to be entirely controlled away from the government of New England. Their sermons stated that God was solely responsible for their salvation and that humans did not have any capacity to save themselves; salvation came specifically from the saving call of God. The righteousness of a man would not save him irrespective of countless good deeds performed in his life. Additionally, the doctrines of God’s choice and destiny of mankind were regularly taught, thereby drawing many as and upsetting many in equal measure. Consequently, God’s final ruling would not feared but revered as a concept that placed mankind as second n hierarchy of beings. Amongst the longest-lived religious consequences of the First Great Awakening was the propounding of biblical truths as seen by Edwards. The First Great Awakening gave rise to several doctrines, philosophies, and ideas that placed the faith of a Christian at the center, including the proposition that everybody is born a sinner, and without salvation, an individual goes to hell. However, it also held the idea that 1Katharine Gerbner, Christian Slavery: Conversion and Race in the Protestant Atlantic World(Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018), 20-31.
Last Name 2everyone could be saved if only they confessed their sins to God, seek forgiveness, and accept God's grace. Additionally, the first Great Awakening holds that everybody can connect with God directly and emotionally, and therefore, religion should casual as well as personal and not formal and institutionalized. The First Great Awakening came to an end sometime during the 1740s because not everyone embraced its ideas.2In the 1790s, an added spiritual renewal that came to be known as the Second Great Awakening arose in New England. It gathered much publicity due to its support of significant spiritual subjects, for instance, the role of the church in the society as well as salvation. NathanielTaylor maintained that man possessed a “power to the contrary” when faced with moral choices thereby moving away from Edward’s and Whitefield beliefs’, which supported the conviction that humans had free will and consequently played huge roles in their redemption.

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