Introduction to Motivation Hunger

Introduction to Motivation Hunger - Introduction to...

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Introduction to Motivation Hunger 1. Motivation: a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior i) Instincts are complex behaviors that have fixed patterns throughout different species and are not learned. Ex. Rooting reflex ii) Drives and Incentives ex. Need (for food) Drive (hunger, thirst) Drive- reducing behaviors (eating , drinking). Homeostasis iii) Incentive: where our needs push, incentives (positive or negative stimuli) pull us in reducing our drives. Ex. A food- deprived person who smells baking bread (incentive) feels a strong hunger drive. iv) Optimum Arousal: human motivation aims to seek optimum levels of arousal, not to eliminate it. Young monkeys and children are kown to explore the environment in the absence of a need-based drive. v) Hierarchy of Motives, Maslow, eating and drinking are at the core. vi) Hierarchy of Needs: physiological, safety, belongingness and love, esteem, self- actualization needs. vii)Hunger: The Physiology of Hunger: Stomach contractions (pangs) send signals to
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Introduction to Motivation Hunger - Introduction to...

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