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Unformatted text preview: Intro to Sociology 15:09 Sociology: the systematic study of society, social institutions, and social interactions 1. Macro or structural • Economy, state, educational system, neighborhood, families, work places • Large elaborated systems that structure that flow of people, resources ($), and power • People have different social statuses that are understood in different socially constructed categories • People are stratified by these categories o Stratification: there are some people on top with more power, resources, money, prestige and some on the bottom Ex: class, race, gender, sexuality, age More respect for different groups based on these categories 2. Micro or interactional • Day to day interactions often structured by unofficial rules about behaviors and even feelings o Ex. Personal space • Erving Goffman- “The Presentation of Slef in Everyday Life” o Stages, roles, and scripts metaphor On stage v. backstage public venue v. at home Ex. Certain things you say Ex. How you act Unwritten script that has a set of behaviors that are expected of us and unwritten rules Props are what we bring with us in order to be successful • Impression management o Trying to act the role correctly o Managing how others perceive us o Done with our behavior Ex. Job interview How you sit What you say What you are wearing • Studied non-observance o Ignoring when people break the rules or pretend not to notice in order to sustain the overall interaction o Children haven’t learned this, therefore, they often point out the mistakes Why Study Sociology C. Wright Mills • Connections between “personal troubles” and “social issues” o Unemployment in 2010- large trend of unemployment not jus personal issue o “Late” marriage- people use to get married at an earlier age o Childhood obesity- changed due to food available and time to prepare food, as well as the idea that it is now a medical problem o Boomerang children- moving back in with your parents o First generation college students feeling like they don’t fit • Sociology aggregates events rather than looking at them as individual cases o Suicide Different groups commit suicide at different rates Variations by religion, region, gender and age • Deconstruct myths and “commonsense” assumptions about the world with empirical analysis of the world o Going out and collecting data from the real world to find out if it is true or not o Ex. Rising teenage pregnancy rates in the 1980s a major social problem?...
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- Winter '08