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Unformatted text preview: Intro to Sociology 15:09 Sociology: the systematic study of society, social institutions, and social interactions 1. Macro or structural Economy, state, educational system, neighborhood, families, work places Large elaborated systems that structure that flow of people, resources ($), and power People have different social statuses that are understood in different socially constructed categories People are stratified by these categories o Stratification: there are some people on top with more power, resources, money, prestige and some on the bottom Ex: class, race, gender, sexuality, age More respect for different groups based on these categories 2. Micro or interactional Day to day interactions often structured by unofficial rules about behaviors and even feelings o Ex. Personal space Erving Goffman- The Presentation of Slef in Everyday Life o Stages, roles, and scripts metaphor On stage v. backstage public venue v. at home Ex. Certain things you say Ex. How you act Unwritten script that has a set of behaviors that are expected of us and unwritten rules Props are what we bring with us in order to be successful Impression management o Trying to act the role correctly o Managing how others perceive us o Done with our behavior Ex. Job interview How you sit What you say What you are wearing Studied non-observance o Ignoring when people break the rules or pretend not to notice in order to sustain the overall interaction o Children havent learned this, therefore, they often point out the mistakes Why Study Sociology C. Wright Mills Connections between personal troubles and social issues o Unemployment in 2010- large trend of unemployment not jus personal issue o Late marriage- people use to get married at an earlier age o Childhood obesity- changed due to food available and time to prepare food, as well as the idea that it is now a medical problem o Boomerang children- moving back in with your parents o First generation college students feeling like they dont fit Sociology aggregates events rather than looking at them as individual cases o Suicide Different groups commit suicide at different rates Variations by religion, region, gender and age Deconstruct myths and commonsense assumptions about the world with empirical analysis of the world o Going out and collecting data from the real world to find out if it is true or not o Ex. Rising teenage pregnancy rates in the 1980s a major social problem?...
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- Winter '08