psychreviewsheet - Review Sheet 3 Emotion 1 Cognitive...

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Review Sheet 3 Emotion: 1. Cognitive appraisal- a person’s assessment of the personal meaning of his or her current circumstances 2. Subjective experience- the affective state or feeling tone that colors private experience 3. Thought and action tendencies- urges to think or act in particular ways 4. Internally bodily changes- physiological responses particularly those involving the autonomic nervous system such as changes in heart rate and sweat gland activity 5. Facial expression- muscle contractions that move facial landmarks-like cheeks, lips, noses and brows-into particular configurations 6. Responses to emotion- how people regulate, react to or cope with their own emotion or the situation that triggered it Theories of Emotion: Discrete Emotions Theory- Theory that humans experience a small number of distinct emotions Emotions have distinct biological roots and serve evolutionary functions Each emotion is associated with a distinct “motor program”-a set of genetically influenced physiological responses that are essentially the same in all people Primary emotions- Small number (7) of emotions believed by some theorists to be cross-culturally universal-recognized across all cultures-presumably biologically based emotions from which other emotions arise: -- Happiness, Disgust, Sadness, Fear, Surprise, Contempt, Anger Hock: Eckman- If completely shut off from media and western culture still know the emotions? People from New Guinea-had same emotions Expressions are innate and universal across all nations Very good at correctly identifying the emotional expression for nearly all emotions Implications for nature/nurture and evolution (adaptive) Secondary Emotions- a combination of primary emotions that come together to form secondary emotions (alarm) Mircoexpressions- fleeting, involuntary facial expressions that typically last between 1/25 and 1/15 seconds and often occur when someone is trying to conceal emotion-useful in detecting emotion that someone is trying to conceal, so microexpressions that convey “inappropriate” emotion may suggest that someone is not being truthful Cognitive Theories of Emotion: propose that emotions are products of thinking James-Lange Theory- theory proposing that emotions result from our interpretations of our bodily reactions to stimuli Doesn’t demonstrate that our fear causes us to run away We’re afraid because we run away
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We observe our physiological and behavioral reactions to a stimulus and then conclude that we must have been scared Stimulus physiological arousal feeling CRITICISMS-feeling is instantaneous-feeling happens quicker than arousal Cannon-Bard Theory- Theory proposing that an emotion-provoking event leads simultaneously to an emotion and to bodily reactions Triggers fear and running at the same time Thalamus triggers both an emotion and bodily reactions CRITICISM-hypothalamus and amygdala also play key roles in emotion Two-Factor Theory-
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