Music - class Mulatto a person of mixed African-Iberian...

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Central and South America New World Recipes
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Brazil Colonized by the Portuguese in the early 16 th century For over 300 years, enslaved Africans brought to work on tobacco, sugar and coffee plantations and in gold mines Brazil now home to largest African diaspora in the world
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Samba Samba – a popular music and type of dance from Brazil Instruments Guitar Cavaco/cavaquinho high-ranged guitar Various percussion instruments Leader + chorus singing
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Samba Samba rhythm Percussion instruments: Agogo – double-bell Rêco-rêco – notched scraper idiophone (similar to guiro ) Surdo – large bass drum Pandeiro – a handheld frame drum with attached cymbals Cuíca – friction drum (membrane pierced with a stick, which is rubbed to produce “squeaking” sound) 1 2 3 4
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Samba Folk dance developed in favelas (slums) outside Rio de Janeiro and in the part of the city known as “Little Africa” Most visible during Carnival season Early 20 th century: samba taken up by the middle
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Unformatted text preview: class Mulatto a person of mixed African-Iberian ancestry Escolas de samba (samba schools) neighborhood associations that compose and perform sambas, create costumes, and parade during Carnival Capoeira Music Capoeira a dance that developed from a style of martial arts created by runaway slaves in Brazil Comp - fighting style with prominent use of the feet, also cartwheels, handstands, flips, and spinning motions Music incorporated in order to disguise combat from authorities During dance, music signals shifts between sections: cooperative to control to confrontational Capoeira Music Berimbau A musical bow used in capoeira music Pandeiros, atabaque (drum), agogo, rco-rco Call-and-response vocals Ginga (jenga) a back-and-forth motion used as the basis for capoeira dancing ; also, a corresponding rhythm 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 &...
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2011 for the course MUS 107 taught by Professor Reynolds during the Spring '11 term at CUNY Hunter.

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Music - class Mulatto a person of mixed African-Iberian...

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