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Step 3:1.What was the research question that guided the work by Drews,et al.? What was their hypothesis (specific prediction)?a.Does talking on the cell phone effect your driving capabilities.b.Talking on a cell phone will hinder your ability to driveappropriately.2.The Independent Variables (IV) is/are:a.The driver having a conversation over the phone or in person.3.The Dependent Variable (DV) is/are:a.The driver.4.Were the participants randomly assigned to conditions? What isthe purpose of random assignment?a.All were randomly assigned to be a driver or not, then those whoweren't a driver were randomly assigned to be the conversationpartner over the phone or in person.
5.What kind of research design did this study use, i.e., descriptive,correlational, or experimental? Explain your answer.a.Experimental. They were conducting an experiment usingrandomly assigned people to perform a certain task.6.What can you conclude from looking at Figure 1.1?