GOVEXAM2REVIEW - 01:41 GOVERNMENT EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE 527s...

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01:41 GOVERNMENT EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE 527’s New source of campaign money under the Bipartisan Camp. Reform Act designed to permit the kind of soft money expenditures once made by political parties without “coordination” with the candidate themselves Casework and district service Congress person’s home office taking care of specific issues. E.g. grandpa’s social security check. Caucus Meeting of candidate supporters that choose delegates to a state or national convention. All Democratic members of the House or Senate. Members in caucus elect the party leaders, ratify the choice of committee leaders, and debate party positions on issues. Civil Service Closed/semi-closed/open primaries- Coattails Cooptation Cornhusker Compromise Deficits Delegitimizing tactics Discretionary Authority Electoral Realignment Equal Time promulgated by the FCC, required any station selling time to candidate to sell time to other candidate at a comparable rate. now stations and networks can sponsor debate limited to major candidate . Fairness Doctrine by the FCC to require stations to carry some public affair programming and balance the point of views expressed. FCC Federal Reserve Franking Privilege Free rider problem problem when people can enjoy the benefits of group activities without bearing any of the cost. Gender Gap Gerrymandering A governer named Gerry drew a district that looked like a salamander. This term now has connotations that a district was drawn for unsavory reasons.
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Incumbency Advantage Once a politician is in office they are more likely to be reelected. Inflation Iron Triangle Lobbying - interest group activities intended to influence directly the decisions that the public official makes. Malapportionment when/if districts have very different populations, meaning the votes in the less populated district weighs more than those in more populated
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Media Bias - member of the national media are generally more liberal than the average citizens - conservatives media outlet have become more visible in recent years. -talk radio is predominately conservatives -journalist philosphy is that the news should be neutral and objective Monetary vs. Fiscal Policy Mugwumps Office of Management and Budget PAC’s - specialized organization for raising and contributing campaign funds. - money is the lease effective way to influence politicians Party Machines - highly organized party system within the area that promotes the party and operates the government -machiense provide jobs through patronage - highly corrupt -machines lost power with the establishment of civic services and primary elctions Party Systems Pendleton Act Plurality System Political Elites Political Ideology Proportional Representation Presidential Primaries Presidential uses of television Primary Prospective vs. Retrospective Voting Public Goods - goods that you can enjoy without contributing Red Tape Revolving Door- federal workers leave to take more lucrative positions in private industry(lobbying,consulting, and executive positions.) Safe Seats
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GOVEXAM2REVIEW - 01:41 GOVERNMENT EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE 527s...

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