Chapter5Summary

Chapter5Summary - Chapter 5 Cognitive Development during...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 5: Cognitive Development during the First Three Years Introduction The study of cognitive development begins in this chapter with an examination of six approaches: behaviorism, psychometric approaches, Piagetian approaches, information processing approaches, cognitive neuroscience approach, and social-contextual approaches. Traditional concepts such as classical and operant conditioning are briefly entertained to help understand infant memory. The psychometric approaches include standardized I.Q. testing and other assessment tools such as the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development and the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) test that adds the dimension of home environment. This chapter explores the six sub-stages of Piaget’s sensorimotor stage of cognitive development, and discusses the following key Piagetian concepts: circular reactions imitation object permanence causality The information-processing approach emphasizes the concepts of habituation and dishabituation as well as the violation of expectations method. Cognitive neuroscience is an approach that helps to demonstrate how brain structures are involved in memory. Social contextual approaches focus on how interaction with adults might aid certain aspects of cognitive competence. The final section of the chapter highlights the sequences of early language development and discusses several characteristics of early speech. Influences on language development such as child-directed speech and reading aloud to children are also mentioned. The chapter also revisits the nature-nurture debate in connection with theories of language acquisition. Detailed Chapter Outline with Key Terms Chapter 5: Cognitive Development During the First Three Years STUDYING COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT: SIX APPROACHES Behaviorist approach : Approach to the study of cognitive development that is concerned with basic mechanics of learning. Psychometric approach : Approach to the study of cognitive development that seeks to measure the quantity of intelligence a person possesses. Piagetian approach : Approach to the study of cognitive development that describes qualitative stages in cognitive functioning. 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Information processing approach: Approach to the study of cognitive development that focuses on perception, learning, memory, and problem solving. It aims to discover how children process information from the time they encounter it until they use it. Cognitive neuroscience approach: Approach to the study of cognitive development that examines the "hardware" of the central nervous system. It seeks to identify what brain structures are involved in specific aspects of cognition.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/22/2011 for the course TEL 315 taught by Professor Petrolle during the Fall '10 term at ASU.

Page1 / 8

Chapter5Summary - Chapter 5 Cognitive Development during...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online