Chapter6Detailed Chapter Outline with Key Terms

Chapter6Detailed Chapter Outline with Key Terms - Detailed...

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Detailed Chapter Outline with Key Terms Chapter 6: Psychosocial Development during the First Three Years FOUNDATIONS OF PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Personality : A relatively consistent blend of emotions, temperament, thought, and behavior that makes each person unique. Psychosocial development : Personality development is intertwined with social relationships. Emotions Emotions : Subjective reactions to experience that are associated with physiological and behavioral changes. First Signs of Emotion Crying Hunger cry: A rhythmic cry, not always associated with hunger. Angry cry: A variation of the rhythmic cry in which excess air is forced through the vocal cords. Pain cry: A sudden onset of loud crying without preliminary moaning, sometimes followed with holding the breath. Frustration cry: Two or three drawn-out cries, with no prolonged breath-holding. Smiling and Laughing Waking smiles: Voluntary smiles. When Do Emotions Appear? Self-conscious emotions : Emotions such as embarrassment, empathy, and envy that require a degree of self-awareness. Self-awareness : Realization that one’s existence and functioning are separate from those of other people and things. Self-evaluative emotions : Emotions such as pride, guilt, and shame that involve evaluation of one’s own thoughts and behavior against socially appropriate thoughts and behavior. Empathy and Altruistic Helping Altruistic behavior : Acting out of concern for others with no expectation of reward.
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Empathy : The ability to put oneself in another person’s place and feel what that person feels, or would be expected to feel, in a particular situation. Brain Growth and Emotional Development Cerebral cortex: Outer covering of the brain where higher mental functions occur. Frontal lobes: Front section of the cerebral cortex (one on each side of the brain), responsible, in part, for emotional responses. Limbic system : The seat of emotional reactions in the brain. Hippocampus: Structure in the limbic system of the brain. Hypothalamus: Structure of the brain involved in the limbic system and emotion. Sympathetic system : Part of the autonomic nervous system that prepares the body for action. Parasympathetic system
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2011 for the course TEL 315 taught by Professor Petrolle during the Fall '10 term at ASU.

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Chapter6Detailed Chapter Outline with Key Terms - Detailed...

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