Chapter8Detailed Chapter Outline with Key Terms

Chapter8Detailed Chapter Outline with Key Terms - Detailed...

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Detailed Chapter Outline with Key Terms Chapter 8: Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood THE DEVELOPING SELF The Self-Concept and Cognitive Development Self-concept : Sense of self; descriptive and evaluative mental picture of one’s abilities and traits. Cognitive construction: A system of descriptive and evaluative representations about the self. Changes in Self-Definition: The 5 to 7 Shift Self-definition : Cluster of characteristics used to describe oneself. Single representations : In neo-Piagetian terminology, first stage in development of self-definition, in which children describe themselves in terms of individual, unconnected characteristics and in all-or-nothing terms. Real self : The self one actually is. Ideal self : The self one would like to be. Representational mappings : In neo-Piagetian terminology, second stage in development of self-definition, in which a child makes logical connections between aspects of the self but still sees these characteristics in all-or-nothing terms. Representational systems: In neo-Piagetian terminology, third stage in development of self-definition, in which a child begins to integrate specific features of the self into a general, multidimensional concept and to articulate a sense of self-worth. Cultural Differences in Self-Description Self-Esteem Self-esteem : The judgment a person makes about his or her self-worth. Developmental Changes in Self-Esteem Contingent Self-Esteem: The “Helpless” Pattern Understanding and Regulating Emotions Understanding Conflicting Emotions
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Understanding Emotions Directed Toward the Self Erikson: Initiative Versus Guilt Initiative versus guilt : Erikson’s third crisis in psychosocial development, in which children balance the urge to pursue goals with moral reservations that may prevent carrying them out. Purpose: In Erikson’s third crisis, the courage to envision and pursue goals without being unduly inhibited by guilt or fear of punishment. GENDER Gender identity : Awareness, developed in early childhood, that one is male or female. Gender Differences
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2011 for the course TEL 315 taught by Professor Petrolle during the Fall '10 term at ASU.

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Chapter8Detailed Chapter Outline with Key Terms - Detailed...

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