Chapter9Outline - Part IV: Middle Childhood Chapter 9:...

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Part IV: Middle Childhood Chapter 9: Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood Introduction Chapter 9 begins the Middle Childhood unit. Middle childhood includes ages 6 to 11 and is sometimes referred to as the school years. This chapter details both physical and cognitive growth and changes during these years. Physical aspects of development that are explained are growth, nutrition, motor The second half of the chapter is devoted to cognitive development. It begins with a comprehensive explanation of Piaget’s concrete operational stage, which addresses the following areas: spatial relationships and causality categorization inductive and deductive reasoning conservation numbers and mathematics These shifts in cognitive development are also discussed in terms of neurological development and processing skills. The discussion of the Piagetian approach concludes with an introduction to his three stage model for moral reasoning. Other approaches to cognitive development that are discussed in this chapter include the information-processing approach and the psychometric approach. There are extensive discussions of memory and intelligence testing pertinent for this age group. Both Gardner and Sternberg's theories of multiple intelligences are detailed. There is also a brief discussion of language and literacy, including the following concerns: vocabulary, grammar, and syntax pragmatics: knowledge about communication second language learning The final section of the chapter outlines school experiences for children. Beginning with transitions into the first grade and concluding with discussions of children with learning problems, as well as gifted and talented children, the discussion of school-related issues is quite comprehensive. Also included are environmental influences on school achievement and computer and Internet user concerns. Detailed Chapter Outline with Key Terms Chapter 1: The Study of Human Development PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT ASPECTS OF PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 1
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Height and Weight Nutrition and Sleep Brain Development Motor Development and Physical Play Recess-time Play Rough-and-tumble play : Vigorous play involving wrestling, hitting, and chasing, often accompanied by laughing and screaming. Organized Sports HEALTH, FITNESS, AND SAFETY Obesity and Body Image Body image: How one believes one looks. Causes of Overweight Why Is Childhood Obesity a Serious Concern? Prevention and Treatment Other Medical Problems Acute medical conditions : Illnesses that last a short time. Chronic medical conditions : Illnesses or impairments that persist for a least three months. Stuttering Stuttering : Involuntary audible or silent repetition or prolongation of sounds or syllables. Asthma
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2011 for the course TEL 315 taught by Professor Petrolle during the Fall '10 term at ASU.

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Chapter9Outline - Part IV: Middle Childhood Chapter 9:...

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