Chapter11Outline

Chapter11Outline - Part V: Adolescence Chapter 11: Physical...

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Part V: Adolescence Chapter 11: Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence Introduction The second half of the chapter addresses cognitive development in adolescence. The first section of the second half is primarily theory-based. The authors present and evaluate the following theories: Piaget’s stage of formal operations Language development Elkind’s immature aspects of adolescent thought Kohlberg’s theory of moral reasoning. The last section of Chapter 11 addresses educational and vocational issues encountered during adolescence. The authors discuss the following influences on adolescents’ school achievement: self-efficacy and student motivation parental styles, ethnicity, and peer influence gender socioeconomic status and family characteristics quality of schooling dropping out of school The chapter concludes by addressing some of the educational and vocational options for adolescents. The authors discuss ways of guiding students who are not bound for college. Detailed Chapter Outline with Key Terms Chapter 11: Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence ADOLESCENCE: A DEVELOPMENTAL TRANSITION Adolescence : Developmental transition between childhood and adulthood entailing major physical, cognitive, and psychosocial changes. Puberty : Process by which a person attains sexual maturity and the ability to reproduce. Pubescence: Term meaning puberty. Adolescence as a Social Construction Adolescence: A Time of Opportunities and Risks PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 1
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PUBERTY: THE END OF CHILDHOOD How Puberty Begins: Hormonal Changes Adrenarche: Maturing of the adrenal glands. Gonadarche: Maturing of the sex organs and the appearance of more obvious pubertal changes. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA): An androgen secreted by the adrenal glands which plays a part in the growth of pubic, axillary, and facial hair, as well as in faster body growth, oilier skin, and the development of body odor. Timing, Signs and Sequence of Puberty and Sexual Maturity
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Chapter11Outline - Part V: Adolescence Chapter 11: Physical...

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