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anthro notes - What is anthropology Study of human time and...

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What is anthropology? Study of human time and space Past present future, how things and people are organized, cultures everywhere Cultural anthropology, anthropological linguistics, cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, archeology, applied anthropology Cultural: habits, customs, symbols, ideas, strategies, behaviors Linguistics: symbols, idioms, understanding how language affects cultural, usually required to know more than one language Biological: study of anatomy, physiology, health, growth, development, genetics, Archeology: Applied Anthropology: experiments, effects on cultures The Nacirema: Cultural group with belief that human body is ugly and tendency is to disable and disease over time, body rituals based on this, cleansing rituals, American spelled backwards, holy mouth men= dentists, potions and charms that heal people Breaking the main code, nacirema are Americans 1/22/09 Sociolinguistics -Study of language and its cultural context -Diglossia- shift in dialect, people say dialect and mean language -Code Switching- using more than one language in a conversation -President Obama… re taking the oath from mess up during inauguration, word “faithfully” in wrong place Who Speaks the “best” English? 1. What regions of the US have accents? 2. On a scale from 1-10 (1 being least) discuss which sates or regions: speak best language and most pleasant… -Michigan residents speak best “correct English” Video on dialect/ teenage words (clueless) -Speech is evaluated in context of social, economic, or political cues -Symbolic Domination: acceptance of the authority and correctness of a prestigious dialect, even by people who do not use it (Pierre Bourieu) -Color perception, basic color terms. -do all cultures have the same color categories -do all cultures recognize the same basic hues -perceive colors the same but classify them differently Ethnobiology and Categorization -Clam -Quahog- type of clam -Mercenaria -Quahog: Gould’s questions
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-Do all languages recognize the same basic division of the natural world into categories -Is scientific classification (taxonomy and species) universal? -Linnaean Classification -kingdom -phylum -class -order -family -genus -species (most specific) Classification: -Linnaen Classification -Ethno Science (often called folk) -All languages tend to number the same amount of species present in the environment, around 60-70% of species named -languages don’t categorize in same way -wings vs bones, 2 legs vs 4 legs Video: Do you speak American? - how do Americans react to different accents, linguistic profiling o Minority accents have less privilege over the phone - African American students given less attention at school because of the way they spoke - Change language skills based on audience 2/3/09 Race Historical use of “race” Linnaeus 1758 -5 Races of humans Problematic: -Biodeterministic, tries to determine based on biology -Value Judgement -based on assumptions of northern European superiority Race- a significant social identity, one human race and a number of ethnic groups ,NO
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