fujimori - 1 Prof. Taffet 12-15-02 Perus Leaders and Its...

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Prof. Taffet 12-15-02 Peru’s Leaders and Its Unchanging Instability In researching Latin America for a topic that would be of interest to me and of something I knew little about, I continually stumbled upon scandal and crisis. Of all the countries associated with calamity or misfortune Peru stands out. From Vladimiro Ilyich Montesinos to President Alberto Fujimori to Alejandro Toledo, Peru has endured some of the most radical changes a country can go through. Alberto Fujimori was born in Lima, Peru, in 1938. (4) He attended the Agricultural National University La Molina and has a degree in agronomic engineering. He finished top of his class in 1961and continued on to receive his M.A. in mathematics from the University of Wisconsin. (4) Despite his close relation as President to the military and the intelligence service, he has never served in the military. Fujimori is the son of Japanese immigrants to Peru and is a Roman Catholic like the majority of Peruvians. From 1984 to 1989, Fujimori was dean of the faculty of sciences at the Agrarian National University La Molina. He hosted the television talk show Getting Together which served as a platform for building up a reputation as political analyst. In 1989, Fujimori founded the political party "Cambio 90" (2). With a simple slogan, "Honesty, technology and work" (2), and thanks to a populist movement approach, visiting peasants in remote 1
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Prof. Taffet 12-15-02 villages, his knowledge of the Agrarian world and its problems, the outsider managed to beat the clear favorite, writer Mario Vargas Llosa, (4) who could not connect with Indian peasants and simple people during the campaign. Llosa was a credible advocate of political and economic liberalism, but he did not distance himself from less trustworthy right wing parties who lacked the support of a majority. At the same time, the former socialist government of Alan Garcia and his party were completely discredited. This was an ideal situation for Fujimori. After the left wing Alan Garcia's disastrous government, Fujimori inherited a country on the verge of collapse. Economic chaos, mismanagement, corruption, drug dealers and the guerrilla warfare against the Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path) and Tupac Amaru movements did not make a healthy start for the new president. (4) Peru suffered from hyperinflation and a declining gross national product. Peru was rich in natural resources, but it lacked the investment capital to use them and Alan Garcia's socialist experiments had left a disastrous effect on foreign direct investments. Fujimori first tried to re-establish a free market system. He deregulated (e.g. airline and bus travel as well as road transport), decentralized, cut down the state's expenditures, forced state owned companies to sell products and services at market prices, eased
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fujimori - 1 Prof. Taffet 12-15-02 Perus Leaders and Its...

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