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gmdssci - Global Maritime Distress Safety System PaulZerafa...

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Global Maritime Distress & Safety System Paul Zerafa Dept. of Marine Transportation USMMA
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Instructor & student backgrounds Paul Zerafa Associate professor at USMMA. MS in telecommunications management (‘96)  & computer science (‘91). Fort Schuyler ‘76. Sailed as both a naval & merchant officer. USCG license:  unlimited master. Various FCC licenses.
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Introduction What is the GMDSS? A new radiocommunication system that will  improve the safety of  life at sea. Compliance is mandated by international treaty  obligations. 1988 amendments to the SOLAS Convention. All compulsory ships must meet all GMDSS FCC  requirements by 1 Feb. 99. STCW-95 endorsement needed by 1 Feb. 02.
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Introduction (Cont'd) Goals & objectives of this GMDSS course. Learn enough about GMDSS radio stations so  that you can quickly  learn to effectively operate  your particular suite of GMDSS equipment. Familiarize yourself with relevant international/ national publications & regs.
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Introduction (Cont'd) Goals & objectives of this GMDSS course  (Cont'd). Learn proper operating procedures for calling  and receiving. Share personal experiences concerning  maritime communications. PASS the FCC & USCG exam(s).
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History of Marine Radio Maritime Community pioneered the use of  radio and installed radios that became  known as “wirelesses.” These radios were installed aboard ships in  order to receive storm warnings transmitted  from shore
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History of Marine Radio (Cont’d) 1910:  Wireless Ship Act gave Secretary of  Commerce & Labor the power to make  radio regulations. 1912:   Titanic  disaster leads to  radiotelegraph installation/watch  requirements. 1934:   Morro Castle  disaster leads to the  Communications Act. 
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History of Marine Radio (Cont’d) 1956:   Andrea-Doria /Stockholm  collision  leads to requirement to monitor VHF  channel 16. 1988 SOLAS amendments establish general   GMDSS equipment carriage requirements. 1995 STCW amendments include GMDSS  training requirements. 
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History of Marine Radio (Cont’d) 1996 Telecom Act  exempts “GMDSS- compliant” ships from  1934 Comm Act  requirements. Technological  advances lead to  smaller, more  powerful equipment 
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The “old” distress system Morse telegraphy required for cargo ships  1600 gt and above as well as all passenger  ships engaged in international voyages. 1985:  Waiver for “alternative compliance”  vessels. RT:  MF 2182 KHz and VHF channel 16  for all ships 300 gt and above. 
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The “old” distress system (Cont'd) Primarily relies on ship to ship distress  alerting.  Max range approximately 150 nm.
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