Reed Paper - 1 Reed Paper Villas Success Caused His Failure...

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2-26-03 Reed Paper Villa’s Success Caused His Failure Pancho Villa was the leader of the poor which reflected the type of people that served in his army; peasants with little or no military background. Villa had been an outlaw since he was sixteen when he killed a government official. Both his parents were peons and could not afford to send him to school. So being an uneducated man it makes since that his army was not structured like that of a modern army. Due to the military background of his soldiers (mostly bandits) his army relied mainly upon guerilla warfare. Villa, in a sense, was just a leader of organized chaos. He lead his army on instinct, he adapted to what would work against his opponent. It eventually came to a point that “every train robbery and holdup and murder in Northern Mexico was attributed to Villa.” In the end Villa had a vision for the Republic. He envisioned that the Republic would not have an army. He would establish military colonies which would be occupied by veterans of the Revolution. Villa had an ambition to live in one of these colonies among his friends and fellow people. In the end, the way Villa was able to be among his people and gain their respect, by fighting along side them in battle, was the downfall of his army. With Villa’s background he didn’t have the knowledge to run his army any differently then what was done. Due to the fact that he and the members of his army did not have advanced military training Villa was able to manipulate the members of his army to be as effective as possible. Villa had spent most of his life in the outskirts of northern Mexican cities. He knew how to travel on back roads and how to hide. He was also very popular with the poor population. The average Mexican solider was a guerrilla fighter and did not do well marching into battle listening to orders being barked or saluting officers. Villa understood this and treated the members of his army like equals. 1
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2-26-03 Reed Paper He understood that “men fighting on their own free will are braver than long volleying rows in the trenches, lashed to it by officers with the flat of their swords.” Villa also used a number of techniques which no Mexican army had ever done before, he left base camp,
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