Music217-212011 - Rock and Related Music Dr Joseph C. Morin...

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Rock and Related Music Dr Joseph C. Morin FA 214F 410-455-2941 Tues 9-10 am ( Heartbreak Hotel - Elvis Presley ) musical point of origin and a sociological origin Blues most distant musical form directly relating to rock and roll Song form originating: ca 1890 - 1910 in Miss delta region ( east of Miss river, Nashville to about New Orleans ) by African American musicians giving voice to the experience of the rural southern agrarian lifestyle expresses hopes, dreams, struggles, sorrows, etc ‘call and answer’ procedure references West African musical styling Besides providing formal structure for songs, blues also provide seminal guitar ‘language’ Robert Johnson ( 1911 - 1938 ) considered one of the first professional musician 1937 records music ( Crossroad ) - Strophe form - “Classic” 12-bar blues form, one strophe Cultural forces shaping the development of rock and roll Economic Post world war II economic boom principal benefits: Ends depression mainstream society becomes affluent, upwards mobility new social class, ‘Teenager’, new demographic characterized by new found leisure time and discretionary money, becoming ‘market’ Demography: Baby Boom: ( 1946 - 1953 ): 50% increase in US baby crop, providing great number of youth for Rn-R's development in 1960s African-American migration to northern cities ( Chicago, Cleveland, Baltimore, Detroit, etc ) from rural south ( 1930-40s ), creating demand for southern lifestyles Technological Developments Recording Industry 1948 Columbia Records develops 12” 33 rpm phonograph record 1949 RCA Records develops 7” 45 rpm phonograph record Both replace old technology: 10” 78 rpm shellac phonograph record Broadcast Industry
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popularization of television ( 1947 - 1956 ) replaces radio as chief means of broadcast entertainment Radio decimated, all of the best radio shows transition to visual ( TV ) format Radio abandons varied programming and, seeking to maintain market share, chooses to make recorded music its chief programming configured into the “short song radio show format” radio announcer transitions into DJ (disk-jockey) Proliferation and Programming of radio Proliferation of new AM radio stations stimulated in 1941 when FCC relaxed licensing procedures and fees in anticipation of WWI results: 1941 = 813 US AM radio stations; 1956 = 3000 + US AM radio stations Majority of new stations are independent ( not affiliated with CBS or ABC radio network ) and thus free to develop on programming Robert Todd Storz credited with crating “top 40” pop song format in early 1950s at KOWH in Omaha, Neb Under new radio “climate” quality of pop songs flags badly under pressure from sponsors to provide musical entertainment that does not offend or alienate listener ex. Patti Page, “(How much is that) Doggie in the window” (1953)
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2011 for the course MUSIC 217 taught by Professor Joe during the Spring '11 term at Maryland.

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Music217-212011 - Rock and Related Music Dr Joseph C. Morin...

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