Final notes

Final notes - PHIL 262 FINAL STUDY GUIDE Question 4:...

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PHIL 262 FINAL STUDY GUIDE Question 4: Frankfurt and Watson on Free Will 1) Frankfurt’s theory a. First order desire= anytime you desire something b. Will= desire that you act on (the one that actually gets you to do something) i. Free will: freedom of wanting what one wants (second order desires) c. Second order desire= object is another desire…want to ex: rid of the first desire…want to want d. Second order volitions= second order desire for a particular first order desire to become you will e. Distinction between persons and wantons= persons have second order volitions…wantons lack second order volitions f. Wanton addicts and unwilling addict: i. Wanton addict has a first order desire to take the drug, he might have other conflicting first order desires but that first order desire always becomes his will…he has no second order volitions ii. Unwilling addict has a first order desire to take the drug, and he has a second order desire that his first order desire becomes his will, has a second order volitions to not take the drug but his iii. The unwilling addict is a person…the wanton addict is not a person iv. To be a person is not to automatically have free will (conflicts) 2) Watson’s theory a. Had reason judgments that are good Watson’s Theory: The basic distinction motivational system (consists of mental states and desires desire for x,JUDGMENTS) and valuational system (consists of value judgments- normative judgmentsshould do this, ought to do this, this thing is good, etc.--> X is good) Frankfurt tries to get by with only the motivational theory, but Watson says that doesn’t suffice and must bring normative judgments into the picture Requirements to be a PERSON: ability to make value or normative judgments R ~ Similarities: Both say Free Will consists in the ability to translate something important into action ~ Differences- what they take the important thing to be Frankfurt: desires Watson: desires and judgments and explains free will in terms of judgments ~ Explain Compatibilism: view that Free Will and Determinism can exist together (compatible) Both of these theories count as compatibilists because they reject the garden of working paths model(don’t think free will requires the ability for you to do otherwise) accept the SOURCE model of Free Will
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According to Frankfurt, you are the source of your actions in this case because YOU is just 2 nd order volitions According to Watson QUESTION 2: QUESTION 3: Williams ‘the self and the future’ His argument- does a third person and a first person thought experiment (2 experiments- need to explain both) 1) -1 st thought experiment: (memory continuity) 1 st TE= Person A and Person B. Switch their memories/characteristics/personalities, etc
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2011 for the course PHIL 262 taught by Professor Scottpaterson during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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Final notes - PHIL 262 FINAL STUDY GUIDE Question 4:...

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