cs1_linux_tutorial

cs1_linux_tutorial - Linus Torvalds CS 1 Linux Tutorial...

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CS 1 Linux Tutorial September 29, 2010 Linus Torvalds Linux mascot
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Linux: Introduction • You've probably heard of the Windows and Mac OS X operating systems • Linux is another popular one (it’s free too!) • All the CS cluster machines run Linux – CS cluster = computer lab in Annenberg room 104 • Linux comes in many shapes and sizes (called "distributions") e.g. Ubuntu, Fedora, Arch, Gentoo, Debian … • CS Cluster uses “ OpenSUSE – at least this year ;-)
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Linux: Introduction • Provides a terminal, AKA a shell • A text-based interface to the operating system • Also present on Mac OS (Terminal.app) and Windows (console) Mac commands are almost identical but Windows commands are completely different • Also provides a GUI (graphical user interface) • windows, desktop etc.
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Login screen
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What you’ll see
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Look for applications
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Look for applications
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Terminal
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Terminal: navigating directories pwd : p rint w orking d irectory cd <dir> : c hange d irectory cd . . : go to the parent directory cd ~ : go to the home directory cd / : go to root directory – The root directory on Linux is similar to the C: \ directory on Windows. – Instead of C:\Documents\joe , it’s /home/joe
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ls : l i s t contents of current directory ls <dir> : list contents of another directory ls –a : list directory contents, including hidden files ls –l : list directory contents with
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cs1_linux_tutorial - Linus Torvalds CS 1 Linux Tutorial...

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