PPAmidterm1studyguide - ** Small states resist the Virginia...

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Power and Politics In America Midterm 1 Study Guide Lecture 4: Constitution Constitutional Convention: 55 white male delegates convene in Philadelphia to amend the Articles of Confederation. They are heavily influenced by the following ideas: o Popular sovereignty (Locke) o Balancing and separating powers (Montesquieu) o Politics as marketplace (Hume, inspired by Smith) o Physics as a metaphor (Newton) James Madison proposes the Virginia Plan: Centerpiece – a bicameral national legislature o Seats in lower chamber apportioned based on population by state o Also an upper chamber, a judiciary, and an executive branch Upper chamber and executive branch (Council of Revision) an veto legislation – but veto can be overridden More extensive than the Articles of Confederation
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Unformatted text preview: ** Small states resist the Virginia Plan because it grants them less power than the Articles of Confederation. They propose the New Jersey Plan, which is not apportioned based on population. It is shot down by larger states. ** Ben Franklin – The Great Compromise Lower house – House of Representatives – apportioned by population; elected by people Upper house – Senate – apportioned equally to states; appointed by state legislatures Executive Branch – comparatively weak but with certain fundamental powers – • Can veto legislation • Appoints judiciary (which retrospectively is quite powerful) Three-Fifths Compromise – Example of a Logroll Logroll is a situation in which two sides swap support for dissimilar policies instead of compromising on each....
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2011 for the course POLITICS 101 taught by Professor Satyanath during the Spring '08 term at NYU.

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