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Unformatted text preview: Module 37 PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES OF PERSONALITY The birth of psychoanalysis Hysteria o Conversion disorder in which the patient experiences symptoms such as paralysis of the limbs, blindness, deafness, and convulsions without an organic basis Josef Breuer o Physician of Anna O. o Invented the talking cure Transference o Patients transfer their feelings for someone onto the psychoanalyst To help patients recall and talk freely about their past, Freud came up with his first technique of psychotherapy called free association o Patient lies on a couch, relaxes, and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial, embarrassing, or illogical it may seem o Patients often stopped when coming to a painful memory Freud named this resistance Freuds theory of personality In 1896, Freud used the term psychoanalysis for the first time o Freuds theory of personality and method of psychotherapy, both of which assume that our motives are largely unconscious The unconscious Psychoanalysis has the assumption that personality is shaped largely by forces that act within the unconscious o Part of the iceberg beneath the surface of the water Only through psychoanalysis can we achieve meaningful insight into our personality Two major instincts motivate all of human behavior o Life instincts include the need for food, water, air, and sex o Death instincts are a need to reduce all tensions by returning to a calm lifeless state Results in aggression The structure of personality People are perpetually driven by their inner conflicts Three interacting parts of the human personality o Id Most primitive part of the personality Reservoir of instincts and biological drives that energize us...
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- Fall '07