Design Thinking is the process through which you try to understand a user, reconsider assumptions, and reformulate problems to identify alternative strategies and solutions to address the problem(s). It is an iterative process.At the same time, design thinking provides a solution-based approach to solving problems.The main objective of design thinking is to help people design better products, processes, services, spaces, strategies, architecture, and experiences. It helpsyou and your team develop innovative and practical solutions for your problems. It is a human-centric, prototype-driven, innovative design process.Design process can be said to comprise of 7 stages:1 Define2 Research3 Ideate4 Prototype5 Select6 Implement 7 LearnIn this course, you will be familiarized with some of the industry-grade design thinking methodologies, and these are:4D UX MethodologyDouble Diamond ModelBootcamp BootlegThe five W'sThe design brief gives the team an idea of what is to be achieved. The Five Ws will provide answers that are required to define a design job adequately. The Five Ws of design thinking are: Who, What, When, Where and Why.Who is the client and target audience? (size, culture, characteristics)What design solution is the client thinking of? (print, web, video)When will the design be needed and for how long? (project timescales)Where will the design be used? (media, location, country)Why does the client think a design solution is required?Research processOnce the brief has been defined and agreed upon, a designer starts to search forrelevant information that can be fed into the design process at the ideate stage.This research can be either quantitative or qualitative. Quantitative information would typically have hard statistical numbers about the size and composition of target user groups.Qualitative research would have information about what a user group buys or consumes and what their lifestyle is.Research ModesThere are two modes of research - Primary and Secondary.Primary research involves getting direct feedback from clients/users.Secondary research is the information you obtain from general secondary sources like consumer market research reports.
Ideate processDuring the ideate stage, the research gathered and the constraints established during the define stage becomes the foundation for the design team. This information is used to create ideas to tackle the design brief.During the ideate stage, it will become clear whether there are any misunderstandings or gaps in the definition stage. It will also give an idea if sufficient levels of research were carried out.Prototype processThe ideate stage is where a variety of potential solutions to the design brief is generated.Before selecting your solution, you would need to analyze and identify the most promising of the available solutions. This will allow particular facets to be tested and will provide a better basis for comparison at the selection stage. Insuch circumstances, you can create a prototype.