PunctuatingCitations-1 - Citations & End Punctuation1

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1 Think of  parentheses  as force-fields that push end punctuation  outside  of them and of  quotation marks  as pinball paddles that usher end punctuation  inside . For example:  A parenthetical citation pushes end punctuation out to the end of the sentence,  outside  of  the parentheses:  In “Howl,” Ginsberg laments, “I have seen the best minds of my generation  destroyed by madness” (“Howl” 1) . However, were this sentence to end with a reference to the poem (properly punctuated in  quotation marks), then end punctuation would rest  inside  the quotation marks: There is no more plaintive poem than Ginsberg’s “Howl . As is often the case in grammar, there are exceptions to this generalization: For  block   quotations , place end punctuation  before  your parenthetical citation  (see reverse). Place 
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2011 for the course ENGLISH 125 taught by Professor Decourcy during the Summer '09 term at University of Michigan.

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PunctuatingCitations-1 - Citations & End Punctuation1

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