Module 39 - Module 39 PERSONALITY TRAITS AND THEIR...

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Module 39 PERSONALITY TRAITS AND THEIR MEASUREMENT Gordon Allport (1967) said that personality theorists should start by trying to describe and measure the basic units of personality o This rule guides what is known as the trait approach The building blocks of personality Allport and Henry Odbert (1936) came up with a list of 200 clusters of related traits that could describe people o These traits were the building blocks of personality A relatively stable predisposition to behave in a certain way Raymond Cattell (1965) used factor analysis to make a more manageable list size o Statistical technique designed to identify clusters of items that correlate with one another o Discovered that personality consists of sixteen distinct units, called source traits People discovered that five major factors often seemed to emerge from self- ratings, ratings of others, and an assortment of personality questionnaires o Five-factor model of personality has emerged consistently in studies of children, college students, and older adults
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Module 39 - Module 39 PERSONALITY TRAITS AND THEIR...

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