ch1 - FM 3-3 Chapter 1 Vulnerability Analysis The focus of...

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FM 3-3 Chapter 1 Vulnerability Analysis The focus of this field manual is Chemical and Biological (CB) Contamination Avoidance. Like most concepts in the Army, contamination avoidance is a process. This process involves— Assessing the threat facing friendly forces. Identifying whether friendly units are a target. Understanding the field behavior of CB contamination. Locating CB hazards on the battlefield. By identifying and locating CB hazards on the battlefield, units will be able to either avoid the hazard or implement those protective procedures outlined in FM 3-4 to minimize the effects of the hazard on unit performance. However, before we begin the discussion of contamination avoidance, we must first discuss two critical, often overlooked, aspects of successful operations on the contaminated battlefield. These two aspects are CB threat assessment and vulnerability analysis. Both are described in this chapter. The CB threat now and in the future will be global from low to high intensity. Terrorists may be encountered at any level of conflict. The proliferation of CB capable nations in all contingency regions and the availability of toxic CB materials increase the liklihood of US forces being direct or inadvertent targets of attack. These attacks may range from limited use in terrorist actions to planned targeting in support of military operations. As Chapter 1 of FM 3-100 points out, CB proliferation is increasing. Deploying US forces must be capable of accurately assessing the CB threat imposed by the opposing force and be capable of addressing unit vulnerability to attack. Chapter 2 in FM 3-100 describes in detail how CB agents may be used and how their use may shape the battle. When planning operations, commanders must consider the potential effects of CB weapons on personnel and equipment. In conventional operations, concentration of forces increases the chance for success, but this same concentration increases the effects of CB attacks and the likelihood of their occurrence. Consider the timing of force concentration to reduce the effects from a CB attack. To assess a unit’s vulnerability to CB attack, the commander determines how well protected the unit is and the type and size of weapon likely to be used against it. The commander then weighs various courses of action and determines which presents an acceptable risk to allow accomplishment of the mission. This whole process starts with the Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield (IPB) with an initial assessment of the CB threat. The IPB Process The IPB process is a staff tool that helps identify and answer the commander’s priority intelligence requirements (PIR), it’s part of the operational planning that is necessary for battle management. IPB is initiated and coordinated by the S2 and used to
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2011 for the course CHEM 120 taught by Professor Levy during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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ch1 - FM 3-3 Chapter 1 Vulnerability Analysis The focus of...

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