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Unformatted text preview: THE CIVIC LIFE OF THE POLIS POLIS THE CIVIC LIFE OF THE POLIS THE How does the city-state (polis) shape How political, religious, and cultural life? What role does theater play in the life of What the city and its politics? the Who is included and who is excluded from Who membership in the polis? Was Athens a democracy? democracy? I. Athenian democracy I. - democracy - male citizens over 18 male - Council of 500 (“boule”) and Assembly Council (“ecclesia”): meets on Pnyx Hill (“ecclesia”): - law courts: trial by vote of jury, no law lawyers lawyers View of Acropolis from Pnyx Agora – commercial, administrative, judicial center of Athens II. Religion II. - over 100 annual public festivals - processions to temples - ritual slaughter of animals - men and women participate The Acropolis The Parthenon Vase showing Dionysian procession III. Drama III. - 2 annual dramatic festivals - Lenaia festival: comedy (late January) - City Dionysia: tragedy (mid-March) Theater of Dionysus, south slope of Acropolis Theater of Dionysus, detail Tragic actor contemplates his mask – vase late 4th c. BCE IV. Exclusion from Civic Life IV.
- slaves: 1/4 of population women and children foreigners prisoners of war, debtors - - - Woman working with wool Slaves Herakles defeating Busiris (Greek defeating Egyptian) Conclusion Conclusion Civic life in polis characterized by active Civic participation of citizens in public affairs participation Politics, religion, and theater serve needs and Politics, interests of the city-state; they are joined in service of state Theater takes place in two annual civic festivals; Theater plays comment on current affairs and influence public opinion public Democracy limited to male citizens who form Democracy small proportion of population small ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2011 for the course HIST 141 taught by Professor Fraser,e during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.
- Spring '08