Islam2%20M5%5b1%5d - TheOriginand SpreadofIslam History141...

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The Origin and  Spread of Islam History 141
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Adhan  (Call to Prayer) God is great (4 times) I testify that there is no god but Allah (2 times) I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of God (2 times) Hasten to prayer (2 times) Hasten to success (2 times) Prayer is better than sleep (Sunnis, morning prayer only) God is great (2 times) There is no God but Allah (1 time)
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Islam: an overview emerged in 7th century Arabia (present  day  Saudi Arabia) Islam: “submission to God” Muslim: “true believer” Monotheistic religion: believes in God of  Abraham, Moses and Jesus Muhammad is the final prophet of God
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Islamic teaching Qur’an: exact and complete revelation  of God, revealed to the prophet  Muhammad Sunna (oral revelation): passed down  by Muhammad’s actions in life Hadith: transmission of  historical/biographical anecdotes of  Muhammad’s life
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Five Pillars of Islam Shahadah: believing and professing the  unity of God Salat: daily prayers (5 times a day) Zakat: spiritual tithing Sawm: fasting Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca
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Jihad some groups have referred to jihad as the “sixth pillar”
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2011 for the course HIST 141 taught by Professor Fraser,e during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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Islam2%20M5%5b1%5d - TheOriginand SpreadofIslam History141...

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