Luther%20and%20the%20Protestant%20Reformation

Luther%20and%20the%20Protestant%20Reformation - Luther and...

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Luther and the Protestant Reformation
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Questions on Luther and the Protestant Reformation 1. What conditions made it possible to initiate radical reform in the Church? 2. What were reformers criticizing in the Church of Rome? 3. What different solutions did reforms like Luther, Zwingli, and the Anabaptists devise?
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I. Background to Reform Criticism of Church in 14 th and 15 th c. by John Wycliffe (died 1384) and Lollards in England; Jan Hus (1369-1415) in Bohemia; but not effective New conditions of early 16 th century: Weakness of Roman Church: Babylonian Captivity, Great Schism - Johannes Gutenberg (c. 1450) invention of movable print and printing press; - Northern Humanism: Erasmus
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I. Background to Reform Weakness of Roman Church - Johannes Gutenberg (c. 1450) invention of movable print and printing press; - Northern Humanism: Erasmus
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II. Martin Luther (1483-1546) - Augustinian friar, professor at Wittenberg - 1517, Ninety-Five Theses against indulgences - 1520, Freedom of a Christian : “by faith alone”, “by Scripture alone”, “priesthood of all believers”
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