ReformationII%5b1%5d - Jesus (Jesuits), vows of chastity,...

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The Spread of the Reformation and the Catholic Response
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Questions on The Spread of the Reformation and the Wars of Religion 1. How did John Calvin lead the second wave of reform and provide a model for Protestant doctrine and church organization? 2. How did the Catholic Church respond to the Protestant Reformation? 3. How and why did warfare break out between Protestants and Catholics in the Holy Roman Empire and France? How was conflict resolved?
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1534, flees persecution to Geneva 1536, Institutes of the Christian Religion emphasis on predestination I. John Calvin (1509-64) and Geneva
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Spread of Calvinism in France Protestant churches in France, 1562
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II. The Catholic Response - Council of Trent (1545-1563): reaffirmation of doctrine of transubstantiation in Eucharist; clerical celibacy; ban on indulgences - Ignatius of Loyola founds Society of
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Unformatted text preview: Jesus (Jesuits), vows of chastity, poverty and obedience to Pope - 1540, pope recognizes Jesuit order Ignatius of Loyola Why does religious difference among Christians lead to war? 1. Strong relationship between religious authority and secular authority: questioning religion is questioning state, so state responds violently 2. Religious difference provides justification for nobles to form factions and oppose monarchs 3. Belief in sacred community of believers; dissenters desecrate community and must be removed III. The Wars of Religion: Holy Roman Empire 1529, Charles V declares Catholicism sole religion in Holy Roman Empire 1531, princes form Schmalkaldic League 1546, war between Charles V and League 1555, Treaty of Augsburg Saint Bartholomews Day Massacre, 1572...
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ReformationII%5b1%5d - Jesus (Jesuits), vows of chastity,...

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