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renaissance - Renaissance Humanism Leonardo da Vinci...

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Renaissance Humanism
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Leonardo da Vinci, Vitruvian Man, c. 1492; based on text by ancient Roman architect Vitruvius
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Questions on Renaissance Humanism 1. How have historians characterized the Italian Renaissance and what are the problems with this view? 2. Who was Petrarch and what was the “humanism” he helped to develop? 3. How did developments in art reflect the new ideas of the Renaissance?
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I. The Historian’s Renaissance - Jacob Burckhardt, The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy (1860) - collapse of civilization in 5 th c. leads to darkness and barbarism - growth of commerce, cities leads to recovery of ancient texts and culture - new modern, secular, philosophy emphasizes individual and world, based on ancient texts = “humanism” - Renaissance = rebirth
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What is wrong with Burckhardt’s presentation of the Renaissance?
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Critique of Burkhardt: Middle Ages not “dark” or “barbaric” Carolingian and 12 th c. Renaissances did much to preserve ancient culture, prepared way for 15 th c. Renaissance Who has a Renaissance? Women?
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