Louis%20XIV%20and%20Absolutism - Absolutismin France...

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Absolutism in France
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Questions: 1. How did kings before Louis XIV lay the foundation for claims of absolute government? 2. What reforms in administration and the military allowed Louis XIV to increase the power of the state? 3. How did Louis manage the claims of the high nobles to their own role in governing France?
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Background to Absolutism In Middle Ages, kings of France merely one baron among others Achievements of 15 th and 16 th c.: expansion of royal territory; regular taxation; permanent standing army Temporary collapse of authority in Wars of Religion (1562-1598) Reassertion of control under Bourbon dynasty, starting with Henry IV in 1598
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Early Reign of Louis XIV Louis XIV becomes king in 1643, age 4 Cardinal Mazarin as prime minister with Queen Mother as regent Fronde - revolt of the barons (1648-1652) problem in 17 th c. France is the power of the nobility not religious dissent or a legislative body
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I. Ideas of Kingship - “L’état c’est
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Louis%20XIV%20and%20Absolutism - Absolutismin France...

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