Lecture Notes - Chapters 1-5

Lecture Notes - Chapters 1-5 - Lecture Notes Chapter 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture Notes Chapter 1 Intro to BS Detection Five critical questions for modern students of psychology: Does sincerity = truth? If people have believed something for thousands of years, does that make it more likely to be true? Can you believe everything you think? What is the best way to learn about human behavior? Do people habitually deceive themselves? Phineas Gage: The man with a hole in his head. Florence Nightingale: The polar graph that saved thousands of lives. Carl Stumpf, Oskar Pfungst, and Clever Hans: the horse that could do arithmetic. Karl Pearson: One mans search for perfect love between men and women. Kurt Lewin: The refugee who could not save his mothers life. Charles Darwin: The school dropout who had the single greatest idea that anyone has ever had. People with autism: The scandal of facilitated communication. Psychologys major theme: From superstition to science. Psychologys major theme moves humans from superstition to science . Why is that important? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M9w7jHYriFo Two Characteristics of Modern Psychologists 1. Psychologists are skeptics (not cynics). 2. Psychologists are evidence-driven thinkers. So, lets consider the issue of self-esteem from a skeptical, evidence-driven perspective. If you are in surgery, would you rather have a surgeon with A. low skills and high self-esteem; B. high skills and low self-esteem; or C. moderate skills and average self-esteem? Physicians at the Southern Illinois School of Medicine wanted to know the best kind of feedback they could provide to their medical students. The problem: The feedback that medical students actually seek are general confirmations that reinforce their self concept. Example 1: Evidence from medical students that building self-esteem can be harmful. Evidence that building self-esteem can be harmful Medical students learning how to tie surgical knots were randomly divided into two groups: Group 1 had their self-esteem built by receiving compliments for their work (Well done. Very good. Keep up the good work.) Group 2 was given specific feedback about mistakes they made while tying knots. Results indicated that the group being complimented Reported higher satisfaction with their teacher Were significantly worse at knot tying during surgery Boehler, M. L. et. al (2006). An investigation of medical student reactions to feedback: A randomised controlled study. Medical Education, 40, 746-749. Example 2: Evidence from psychology students that building self-esteem can be harmful. Evidence that building self-esteem can be harmful Undergraduate psychology students who were earning Ds and Fs at the midterm were randomly divided into three groups; each received weekly emails....
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Lecture Notes - Chapters 1-5 - Lecture Notes Chapter 1...

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