chapter%209 - Chapter 9 Shape Bonding Chapter Shape Bonding...

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hapter Chapter 9 Prof. R.S. Miller
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` Two covalently bonded atoms with different lectronegativities ave partial electric charges electronegativities have partial electric charges of opposite sign creating a bond dipole. A molecule is called a polar molecule when it has polar bonds and a shape where the bond dipoles don’t offset each other.
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` The permanent dipole moment ( μ ) is a measured value that defines the extent of separation of positive and negative charge centers in a covalently bonded molecule.
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tetrahedral molecule requires that four ` A tetrahedral molecule requires that four orbitals of the central atom must overlap with an orbital of an outer atom to form a ond bond. he central atom would use its s orbital ` The central atom would use its s orbital and its three p orbitals, but these orbitals would not yield the 109° bond angles bserved in the tetrahedral molecule observed in the tetrahedral molecule.
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` Valence-bond theory assumes that covalent
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chapter%209 - Chapter 9 Shape Bonding Chapter Shape Bonding...

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