chapter12_partII

chapter12_partII - atom between two carbon atoms (C-O-C). z...

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HM 25 CHM 25 Chapter 12 organic chemistry part II Prof. R.S. Miller pring 2009 Spring, 2009
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Aromatic Compounds
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Structural Isomers of Aromatic Compounds - xylene
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Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs)
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Polymers Containing Aromatic Rings
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Alcohols (R-OH) z Ethanol, CH 3 CH 2 OH (grain alcohol) rmentation of sugars fermentation of sugars z Methanol, CH OH (wood alcohol) 3 z Isopropyl alcohol, (CH 3 ) 2 CHOH (rubbing alcohol, 2-propanol)
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Solubility of Alcohols in Water at 20 o C Formula Water Solubility (g/100mL) H H iscible in all proportions CH 3 OH Miscible in all proportions CH 3 CH 2 OH Miscible in all proportions H H H H iscible in all proportions CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 OH Miscible in all proportions CH 3 (CH 2 ) 2 CH 2 OH Miscible in all proportions H H H H .9 CH 3 (CH 2 ) 3 CH 2 OH 7.9 CH 3 (CH 2 ) 4 CH 2 OH 2.3 CH (CH ) CH OH 0.6 3 2 5 2 CH 3 (CH 2 ) 6 CH 2 OH 0.2 CH 3 (CH 2 ) 7 CH 2 OH 0.05
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thers Ethers z Ethers are compounds having an oxygen
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Unformatted text preview: atom between two carbon atoms (C-O-C). z R-H H-O-H H-R R-O-R unctional Groups Affect Physical Properties Functional Groups Affect Physical Properties Molar Mass Bp ( o C) Solubility in Water /100mL at 20 o ) (g/mol) (g/100mL at 20 C) CH 3 CH 2-O-CH 2 CH 3 74 35 6.9 O Diethyl Ether CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 2 6 0038 n-Pentane 72 36 0.0038 CH CH CH CH OH 3 2 2 2 n-butanol 74 117 7.7 OH ethyl tert- utyl ether Methyl tert butyl ether Polymer of Alcohols and thers Ethers Carbonyl Groups Esterification reaction: Synthesis of Polyesters ynthesis of Polyamides Synthesis of Polyamides Kevlar Amines RNH 2 Primary Amine R 2 NH Secondary Amine R 3 N ertiary Amine Tertiary Amine...
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chapter12_partII - atom between two carbon atoms (C-O-C). z...

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