test 1 study guide

test 1 study guide - Chapter 13 Occupations with high...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 13 Occupations with high fatality rates, homicide rates, and highest number of total fatalities. 1. Taxi cab driver Causes of workplace fatalities Transportation incidents (#1) Assaults and violent acts (#2) Fire and explosions (#6) Exposure to harmful substances or the environment (#4) Contact with objects or equipments (#5) Reasons that U.S. worker fatality rates are high compared to most European countries United states 3.3 Geography and Natural Resources #1 in productivity o View work as good o Work more, longer hours o Less vacation Transportation Low levels of unionization Risk factors for accidents in the workplace Working with heavy equipment Working high off the ground Working with chemicals Working in jobs where fatigue is a factor (shift work, late night hours) Working alone Working in the elements (nature, weather) Risk factors for workplace homicides working with money working with the public working late night or early morning hours working alone working in a high crime area OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration requires employers to maintain records of work related illnesses and injuries and calculate accident ratios has authority to inspect businesses for compliance with health, safety standards has the authority to fine businesses for non-compliance with record keeping or violation of health or safety standards NIOSH National Institute of Safety and Health researches and sets the standards for workplace health and safety Employer requirements and employee rights under OSHA (exhibit 13-1) p. 315 Incidence rate p. 317 Calculates number of injuries, illnesses, or lost workdays as it relates to a common base of full-time employees. o Formula- (N/EH) X 200,000 N (# of in injuries, illnesses, loss workdays) EH (total hours worked be all employees during the year) 200,000 (base hour rate- 100 workers X 40h/wk X 50wk/yr) EAPs why employers use them and the types of problems addressed p. 332-333 EAPs- specific programs designed to help employees with personal problems To educate employees, rationale is returning a productive employee to the job as swiftly as possible. Wellness programs why employers use them and the different types of programs available p. 333-334 Organizational programs designed to keep employees healthy Can helps cut employer health costs and lower absenteeism and turnover by preventing health-related problems Programs vary and may focus on smoking cessation, weight control, stress management, physical fitness, nutrition education, high blood pressure control, violence protection, work-team problem intervention and other issues Which type of workers/industries has the highest incidents of stress Women White collar workers Medical workers Manufacturing Service industry Physical and psychological problems associated with stress...
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test 1 study guide - Chapter 13 Occupations with high...

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