Chapter 3 Reasons For Empire pg57-79

Chapter 3 Reasons For Empire pg57-79 - Several other tariff...

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Several other tariff cases involving the new island territories came up on appeal to the Supreme Court around the same time (see chap- ter 5): Goetze v. United States; Fourteen Diamond Rings v. United States; Armstrong v. United States; Grossman v. United States; Hurts v. New York and Porto Rico Steamship Co.; and two cases with the name of Dooley v. United States. CHAPTER 3 Reasons for Empire "What's all this about Cubia an th' Phlippeens?" asked Mr. Hennessy. "What's beet sugar?" "Th' throuble about Cubia is that she's free; th' throuble about beet sugar is we're not; an' th' throuble about th' Phlippeens is the Pb'lippeens throuble," said Mr. Dooley. . . . "We frgot about the' Beet. Most iv us niver thought about that beaatifid but fragile flower except Idled in conviction with pigs' fret or pickled in its own life juice. We didn't know that upon th' Beet hangs tlf fate iv th' nation, th' hope of th' future, th' permanence iv our instichoochions an' a lot iv other things akelly precious. Th' Beet is th' naytional anthem an', be hivins, it looks as though it might be th' naytional motto before long." "Cuba v. Beet Sugar," FINLEY PETER DUNNE, Observations by Mr. Dooley, 19oz It was a conservative Supreme Court that heard the arguments on De Lima v. Bidwell, Downes v. Bidwell, and the other Insular Cases in the weeks from early December two, to mid-January 1901. The nine jus- tices on the Supreme Court deciding the Insular Cases lived in a white- dominated, racially divided United States. And it was under Chief Justice Melville W. Fuller (1888-191o) that the Court had earlier established the "separate but equal" doctrine for African Americans in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)-- a legacy that lasted until the Warren Court's decision on racial integration in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (5954). Furthermore, most white Americans and political elites did not want the new islands and their inhabitants to become full mem- bers of the American political society, as noted earlier; they did not want millions of Filipinos, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans as their fellow citizens—not right away, and perhaps not ever. The justices also shared a second view with many politicians, busi- nessmen, military strategists, journalists, and the politically attentive public: that the United States was destined to be a world power, espe- cially after the victory over Spain. Accordingly, the United States needed to— and should— keep its new war-earned possessions. 56 Chapter 2 I 57 1
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Yet to understand the thinking of political leaders and the Ameri- can public on race and grand strategy is not enough. A basic, under- lying issue remains: why the cases even came up before the Supreme Court—a question that brings in the American political economy and the role of the tariff. It was the tariff, after all, that the attorneys from Coudert Brothers, from Curtis, Mallet-Prevost and Colt (now Cur- tis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt, and Mosle), and from other law firms were
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2011 for the course AFPRL 103 taught by Professor Melendez during the Spring '11 term at CUNY Hunter.

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Chapter 3 Reasons For Empire pg57-79 - Several other tariff...

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